Silica is safe

Here is all you need to know about synthetic amorphous silica, the proposed classification of silica as STOT RE 1 in the European Union and Evonik’s position on this.

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CLH process update  

You wonder why synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) has been subjected to a substance evaluation? Find more information about the CLH procedure and current status. More

Evonik’s position on the classification of silica as STOT RE 1

We reject a classification of synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) as STOT RE 1 because we are convinced that synthetic amorphous silica is safe for producers, processors and consumers. Furthermore, we are convinced that this hazard class for SAS is neither scientifically justified nor in terms of health policy.
The proposed STOT RE 1, H372 classification is based on inhalation tests that led to isolated cases of inflammatory processes in lung tissue. But the concentration and duration of exposure during these tests did not correspond to the real conditions when producing and processing SAS.  
At no point in the value chain do people come into contact with dust of synthetic amorphous silica in hazardous concentrations. 

Our main arguments against the classification of SAS: 

  • Synthetic amorphous silica is safe in compliance with the applicable occupational health and safety regulations – during production, processing, transport and storage. In the processed product, silica occurs in bound form only and is safe for consumers.
  • In most downstream user sectors, there is no equivalent alternative to silica that offers the same level of quality and performance. This would invariably be a case of regrettable substitution.
  • If processors were to dispense with silica, this would massively impair the quality and properties of countless high-tech and everyday products. Important EU export goods would no longer meet their previous quality standards and would be harder to sell globally. Some products could even disappear from the market.

The synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) types produced by Evonik are safe for everyone
involved in production, processing, transportation, and storage, as well as for consumers
of the end products.
At no point in the value chain do people come into contact with silica dust in hazardous concentrations. Evonik (including its predecessor companies) has been producing SAS since the 1940s. It is one of the most rigorously tested substances regarding potential risks to humans or the environment. Toxicological and ecotoxicological tests and decades of experience in its manufacture and use have resulted in no indications of risks to health or the environment through SAS when the substance is handled appropriately.

Silica is everywhere: Almost every industry – from consumer goods such as toothpaste to high-tech components including microchips – uses synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) as a process aid or functional additive. It is a versatile substance with a wealth of properties. In 95 percent of all applications, silica plays a key role in the function and/or properties of the end product. 
In many applications, there are no equivalent alternatives, or developing substitutes and adapting formulations would involve considerable effort, resource consumption and costs. In many cases, SAS even fulfill several functions at once thanks to their versatile profile of properties: For example, adhesives achieve a firm bond, but do not drip or dry during processing. And in car tires, they increase driving safety, extend durability and reduce fuel consumption. In numerous applications, silicas contribute to sustainability by reducing the waste of resources or extending the service life of products.
Many everyday products, as well as future technologies, would function worse or not at all without silica. In technical terms, the replacement of a proven chemical with a non-equivalent substitute is referred to as a "regrettable substitution." 
As a consequence, end consumers will receive products of a poorer quality, while important EU export goods will no longer meet their previous high quality standards and will be harder to sell globally. Some products could even disappear from the market.

FAQ: Silica and STOT RE 1

You have further questions regarding the CLH process, safety of synthetic amorphous silica and potential consequences of a classification?

Find answers in our FAQ section

Silica is safe and improves your daily life

Evonik’s synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) is a highly innovative substance that improves countless consumer goods and high-tech products. These are just a few examples. 

Press kit  

Download our press kit containing Evonik’s positioning statement, background information on the CLH process, an overview of silica and its versatile applications, scientific studies and info graphics. (coming soon)